In Fast Food Nation Eric Schlosser examines the rise of the fast food industry in America following World War II. If so, describe the situation in a few sentences. Schlosser believes that this expanding, suburbanized region of the Mountain West is an emblem of late 20th-century economic growth, and the problems … 1-Sentence-Summary: Fast Food Nation describes how the fast food industry has reduced the overall food quality worldwide, created poor working conditions for millions of people and ruined public health. Outbreaks of E. coli, a virulent pathogen primarily found in beef, have become far more common since the rise of fast food. The ranch lies “twenty miles south of town,” and near some of the new developments that have sprung up amid the natural beauty of … Copyright Â© 2020 ShortFormâ¢ | All Rights Reserved, This is a preview of the Shortform book summary of. Fast food began in the early 1950s in Southern California, which experienced a massive population growth in the years following World War Two. Research has shown that people this age who work more than twenty hours per week are at a higher risk of dropping out of school, permanently stunting their life prospects. Fast Food Nation - Why the Fries Taste So Good Summary & Analysis Eric Schlosser This Study Guide consists of approximately 47 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of Fast Food Nation. Kroc was an unlikely individual to emerge as one of the leading figures in a new and rising industry that was largely driven by youth culture. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. But Kroc would determine the ultimate direction and shape of McDonaldâs, not the founding brothers. In this exposé, award-winning journalist Eric Schlosser explores the effects of the American fast food industry on global health, labor conditions, and the environment. This population growth also occurred at a time when rates of automobile ownership were rising, causing the region to be heavily shaped by the car. Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal is a 2001 book written by investigative journalist Eric Schlosser that examines the local and global influence of the United States fast food industry.. First serialized by Rolling Stone in 1999, the book has drawn comparisons to Upton Sinclair's 1906 muckraking novel The Jungle. Below is a preview of the Shortform book summary of Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser. Explore the main ideas in Fast Food Nation. But major changes were just around the corner. They also tend to hire the most vulnerable members of society who have the least ability to fight backâteenagers, the elderly, the disabled, and undocumented immigrants. A centralized system of food production exponentially expands the reach and scope of outbreaks, where they might have been confined to a particular locality just a few decades ago. LAâs low-density, detached-home model of growth was ideally suited for the burgeoning fast food industry, as motorists could drive through for a quick meal as they passed by the restaurants (conveniently located off the new freeways). Even by selectively boycotting certain fast-food and food-production practices, and by learning more about the manner in which their food is caught, cooked, and distributed, consumers can help improve those patterns. Read on the go with our iOS and Android App. Increasing mechanization of fast-food production in the 1960s and ‘70s ensured that companies could easily replace fast-food workers—that these workers would be a transitional workforce, employed nationwide without union benefits. The scenery becomes even more violent as one goes further up the production line, where workers interact with live cattle. These health conditions are now increasingly seen in other parts of the world: between 1984 and 1993, fast food locations in the United Kingdom doubled, bringing American-style obesity in its wake. The author gives us a chance to learn more about the way the fast food industry functions and … It seems like fast food is an unstoppable force as it reshapes communities and cultures, forces workers into exploitative relationships, contributes to global health problems, and despoils the environment. All across Central and Eastern Europe, people took to the streets, refused to obey the orders of Soviet police and military officers, overthrew puppet Communist governments, and participated in free democratic elections for the first time ever. These teenage fast food workers neglect their schoolwork and eschew after-school sports and activities. He is a contributor to ... Fast Food Nation shows how the fast food industry has massive consequences on many other aspects of our lives, including our education, health and working conditions. Kroc instituted a philosophy, the core values that would guide McDonaldâsâQuality, Service, Cleanliness, and Value. 1-Page PDF Summary of Fast Food Nation . Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal shows how the fast food industry has reshaped the American economic system and imprinted itself on the nation’s culture since the 1950s. Americans spend billions of dollars each year on fast food, and only a few corporations control most of the nation's food supply. Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal shows how the fast food industry has reshaped the American economic system and imprinted itself on the nationâs culture since the 1950s. Here are links to our lists for the book: Introduction–Chapter 4, … Schlosser closes the book with two important messages. The book reveals the terrible methods and working conditions – caused in great part by the fast food industry’s focus on profit – that are used to create our food. Foodborne pathogens cause more than just an upset stomach. The sheer size of the fast food giants and the spread of their business practices to other sectors of the economy has wrought enormous changes in: The fast food industry has its roots in the risk-taking, unconventional ideas of a handful of entrepreneurs. From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Tragically, some of the worst stories of fast food-related foodborne illness are those involving children. (Shortform note: According to The Atlantic, over 60 percent of the fast-food workforce is under 24). In 1997, Mikhail Gorbachev, former General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, appeared in a Pizza Hut commercial. Cutting out the fluff: you don't spend your time wondering what the author's point is. Because kids exert a strong influence over what adults purchase, marketers know that kids can be powerful surrogate salespeople for their productsâand no one has internalized this lesson better than the fast food industry. If Upton Sinclair were alive today, he would be aghast at conditions in todayâs meatpacking industry and marvel at how little has changed. By minimizing the level of human skill that goes into food preparation, fast food leaders have at their disposal a workforce that is cheap, easy to replace, and easily controlled. This has led to the destruction of family farms and the increased centralization of the nationâs food supply. He also provides the results of his research into the current practices of fast … As such, the statistics cited throughout the book and throughout this summary do not represent the most up-to-date data. But most Americans are unaware of the story behind the growth of fast food, and of social consequences that have resulted from the rise of the fast food industry. Indeed, fast food chains have become a leading indicator of Western economic development in Third World or post-communist states. Work and “The Good Life”. Aux États-Unis, il est souvent comparé à Upton Sinclair, pour son côté « fouille merde » dans la manière de réaliser ses enquêtes, et pour la qualité stylistique de ses reportages. The second is an appeal to reform. (including. Eric Schlosser's 'Fast Food Nation' is a good old-fashioned muckraking expose in the tradition of 'The American Way of Death' that's as disturbing as it is irresistible....Exhaustively researched, frighteningly convincing....channeling the spirits of Upton Sinclair and Rachel Carson....Schlosser's research is impressive--statistics, reportage, first-person accounts and interviews, mixing the personal with the … Il est connu pour son journalisme d'investigation. The USDA should be given increased funding and new authority to enforce the strictest possible food safety standards, especially for ground beef that it purchases through the federal school lunch program. By minimizing the level of human skill that goes into food preparation, fast food chains have at their disposal a workforce that is cheap, easy to replace, and easily controlled. The by-now-familiar wave of consolidations followed, driven by the marketâs new demands for standardized, uniform products. Do you think fast food chains should be held responsible for the violations committed by the meatpacking plants and slaughterhouses that supply them? Eric Schlosser's Fast Food Nation Chapter Summary. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”. His company could now grow its own potatoes, provide its own fertilizer, process them at their own factories, and ship them from their own warehouses and lumber yards, all without ever interacting with an outside supplier. Our, “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. Ankle-deep pools of blood. Fast food has contributed to a national and global epidemic of obesity. That's a lengthy list of charges, but Eric Schlosser makes them stick with an artful mix of first-rate reportage, wry wit, and careful reasoning. In 1991, only four states had obesity rates reaching 15 percent; just a decade later, 37 did. The book explores fast foodâs exploitative marketing and labor practices, destruction of the nationâs independent farmers, responsibility for the spread of deadly foodborne pathogens like E. coli, and creation of a national obesity epidemic. Much of this was fueled by federally funded highways, which amounted to a public subsidy of the major automakers. Schlosser gives the reader Eric Schlosser has all the details – in “Fast Food Nation.” Who Should Read “Fast Food Nation”? In the 2002 Afterword, Eric Schlosser examines the "mad cow" epidemic and the changes in the fast food industry since the book's 2001 publication. Major toy crazes like Pokemon cards, Beanie Babies, Tamogotchis, and Cabbage Patch Kids have all been boosted by synergistic fast food tie-ins. Why do you think the major fast food chains have such a powerful economic grip over the nationâs food producers? Eventually, more than 700... Fast food began in Southern California as a quintessentially American product, boosted by US postwar prosperity and powered by the nationâs growing rates of automobile ownership, highway construction, and suburban sprawl. And they are always finding new ways to keep their employees from gaining any leverage in the workplace. Scenes that depicted tubercular hogs being led to slaughter and workers being maimed and killed on the job (and then packed into sausages) revolted and outraged readers at the dawn of the 20th century. Indeed, for Schlosser, safety and hygiene become important issues for consumers. Workers severing the carotid arteries of dead cows. These numbers give a glimpse of the grip that fast food has obtained over American life, but they can only tell part of the story. Full article here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/collective/A22045835 The very same system that creates enormous amounts of uniform ground beef for McDonaldâs and Burger King is also highly adept at spreading disease. A businessman named Ray Kroc witnessed the success of the McDonaldâs system and saw that it could be replicated on a national scale. In the 1950s in San Bernardino, the McDonald brothers implemented a standardized system of food preparation that increased speed, lowered prices, and boosted sales. Their production system was designed, like that of McDonaldâs, to eliminate the need for skilled workers. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. 3:31. The industry has profoundly reshaped how American food is produced, marketed, and consumed. Health officials traced the source to E. coli in hamburger patties at Jack-in-the-Box that had originated from a California-based meatpacking company. And this is just whatâs at the end of the line, after the cattle have already been killed. Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal tells the story of how the United Statesâand, increasingly, the worldâhas become shaped and defined by the fast food industry. Son œuvre la plus connue est Fast Food Nation, une enquête sur la fabrication de ce qu'on appelle en … The McDonald brothers may have started the company and given it its famous name, but their vision for it was relatively limited. Beyond its exploitative labor practices at every level of the supply chain, fast food has also proven an ideal vector for the spread of foodborne pathogens into Americaâs food system. Read the full comprehensive summary at Shortform. The industry has profoundly reshaped how American food is produced, marketed, and consumed. The fast food industry has standardized, commodified, and homogenized the skillset of the countryâs labor force. LAâs growth happened precisely at the time when mass-produced cars were becoming affordable to the growing middle classâindeed, from 1920 to 1940, the region welcomed 2 million residents from all across the rest of the US. The book explores fast food’s exploitative marketing and labor practices, destruction of the nation’s … Explain why or why not. Taxpayer-funded irrigation projects and publicly subsidized highways were drawing people to California in droves, laying the groundwork for a mass consumer-driven retail economy (powered by the ease and convenience of the automobile) that California would export to the other 49 states. Automatic condiment dispensers, robotic sensors at drive-throughs, digitized timers for cooking french fries, and other technological innovations ensure that McDonaldâs and other fast food giants get maximum efficiency out of their employees, with paychecks as low as possible. China also saw its proportion of overweight teenagers triple during the 1990s; meanwhile, at the dawn of the 21st... Unlock the full book summary of Fast Food Nation by signing up for Shortform. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. As it has done so, fast food has come to stand as a hallmark of our civilization and our time. Todayâs slaughterhouses and meatpacking plants are marked by appalling sanitary conditions, where cattle are packed into close quarters, given little exercise, and splash around in pools of manure. Carl Karcher was the biggest starting pioneer of this new industry. Fast Food Nation explains the fast food industry as a popular business concept that brought innovation and as well as unhealthy habits into the neighborhoods where they thrive. Eric Schlosser wrote Fast Food Nation to reveal the dark truth about the food that Americans consume on a daily basis. He kept the franchise fees low for new franchisees and made a conscious effort to help them be successful. But Schlosser laments, too, the patterns of “deregulation” (often spearheaded by Republican groups in Congress) that have kept government agencies like OSHA and the USDA from adequately keeping track of the dangers to consumers, and plant-workers, in the meat-packing and food-service industries. They can lead to heart disease, neurological disorders, kidney damage, and even death. In 1993, doctors in Seattle noticed a sharp spike in the number of local children being admitted to emergency rooms with bloody diarrhea. As the reach of major fast food chains like McDonaldâs, Wendyâs, Burger King, and Taco Bell has extended across the planet, the same can increasingly be said of most people around the world. Thatâs no coincidence. Schlosser describes his first meeting with Hank, a rancher in Colorado Springs, who takes Schlosser on a tour of his property. Just as we ponder the amphorae and marble ruins of the ancient Romans, so may future scholars study the discarded Big Mac wrappers and golden-arched fast food restaurants of our culture. Schlosser then moves to later stages of the beef and chicken production “systems” throughout the country, which, like fast-food production itself, has come increasingly to rely on unskilled labor (without union protections) and mechanized processes, often at dizzying and unsafe speeds. Have you ever felt exploited by an employer? Shortform summaries help you learn 10x faster by: Here's a preview of the rest of Shortform's Fast Food Nation summary: Most Americans have eaten fast food at some time or another in their lives. Ground beef is particularly prone to contamination, because the package thatâs sold in the supermarket does not come from a single animal. (Shortform note: Fast Food Nation was originally published in 2001. From its origins in the new suburbs of California in the 1950s, fast food has spread across every corner of the nation and profoundly altered the way American food is produced, sold, and consumed. Chapter Summary for Eric Schlosser's Fast Food Nation, part 2 chapter 9 summary. States and the federal government should pass legislation that makes it easier for fast food workers to organize labor unions. Eric Schlosser is an American investigative journalist. The government should eliminate tax breaks and public subsidies for fast food chains that exploit their workers through high turnover, while teaching them minimal job skills. Summary Introduction Fast food is "a revolutionary force in American life," and interests Eric Schlosser "both as a commodity and as a metaphor." For indeed, food is one of the defining traits of a cultureâit shows how we live, how our economy functions, how our political institutions operate, and what we value and prioritize as a society. During World War Two and the years immediately following, the US government pumped nearly $20 billion into California, building airplane factories, steel mills, military bases, and naval ports. This would provide a real counterweight to the power of the chains, forcing them to address workersâ grievances. A combination of US public policy choices and broader macroeconomic trends fostered an ideal business climate in Southern California for their success and laid the groundwork for an economic transformation of the regionâone that would eventually become the prototype for the rest of the country. In the 30 years between 1970 and 2000, consumer spending on fast food in the US rose from $6 billion to $110 billion. Schlosser writes that most fast-food companies make the bulk of their profits from the “franchise” system, wherein the conglomerate is actually the landlord for the franchisor, who “rents” the brand. Fast food has hastened the malling of our landscape, widened the chasm between rich and poor, fueled an epidemic of obesity, and propelling the juggernaut of American cultural imperialism abroad. The rise of fast food has negatively impacted American life, through manipulative marketing aimed at children, exploitative labor practices, the destruction of American family farms, lax food safety standards, and a national epidemic of obesity. This is our MonkeyNotes downloadable and printable literature summary / study guide / booknotes / analysis for "Fast Food Nation" by Eric Schlosser in Rich Text Format (.RTF). This is largely due to fast foodâs centralized system of food production, which exponentially expands the reach and scope of outbreaks. But the teenagers themselves are ill-served by this arrangement. TheBestNotes.com Staff. Because fast food was so successful, its labor practices have been exported throughout the food service industry and up the supply chain to farmers, ranchers, and meatpackers. The chainsâ purchasing power has created a similar situation in both the beef and chicken markets, with once-independent agriculturalists now working as little more than hired hands for the major agribusiness firms. Perhaps most insidiously, fast food chains have even brokered deals with school districts, enabling them to promote their high-fat, high-sugar products directly to children through bus and hallway advertisements, endorsement deals, and even direct provision of school lunches. Leaving the familyâs homestead at 15, he went into the potato industry. That year turned out to be a momentous one for the country and for Simplot, as the US entered World War Two. Where possible, we have supplemented the numbers in the book with more current figures.). He begins his argument by explaining how the fast food industry came to be and who made it happen. Fast Food Nation, a non-fiction written by journalist Eric Schlosser, is that rare kind of a story, which turns the world upside down, for the facts enumerated in it are shocking. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. By mass-producing specialty cuts and shipping them in sealed plastic to the supermarkets, this method of production also enabled the supermarkets to fire most of their skilled butchers. He attempts to write a book charting how the rise in the fast-food industry in the United… read analysis of Eric Schlosser The industry is known for being one of the most uncompromisingly anti-union sectors of the economy, with a long history of extreme hostility toward organized labor and an established record of turning a blind eye to worker safety. He became a major figure in the cattle-feeding industry. Summary. When he first visited the McDonaldâs Self-Service Restaurant in 1954, he was already in his fifties, with a largely unremarkable career as a travelling salesman behind him. He used his massive market share and dehydrating technology to become one of the principal suppliers of foodstuffs to the US Army from 1941-1945. In this chapter, weâll explore how workers (and animals) inside those meatpacking facilities are similarly harmed by the inhumane system of food production that fast food has wrought. In this video you will learn the 3 key ideas from the book fast food nation by Eric SchlosserFast Food Nation Summary | Eric Schlosser | 3 Key Ideas If so, will reading this summary change that? Teachers and parents! Below are some of the key themes and topics from Fast Food Nation. The Parents Who Lost 3 Children In A Car Accident Then Had Triplets | … So much food in America is no longer a product of artisanal craftsmanship, created by a skilled cookâit is a manufactured, mass-produced commodity. Going back to the early days of the McDonald brothersâ âSpeedee Serviceâ system, fast food has employed a low-skill, low-wage system of labor that keeps costsâand therefore, consumer pricesâto a minimum. Because the story of fast food is about much more than the rise of an industry and the success of a few entrepreneursâit is a story about the fundamental transformation of a society. And Why? Eric Schlosser’s Fast Food Nation is an attempt to describe how American eating and food-production patterns have changed since World War Two. Critically, he understood that children would be the chainâs most valuable customers and directed the bulk of its marketing at them. He established the chainâs core valuesâQuality, Service, Cleanliness, and Valueâand understood the need to create a wholesome, clean, All-American image for McDonaldâs. Fast food has aggressively positioned itself in former Soviet states and even recruited ex-Communist leaders to serve as spokespeople. In 1906, Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle, which shocked the conscience (and turned the stomach) of the nation by exposing audiences to the dangerous and unsanitary conditions in Americaâs slaughterhouses and meatpacking plants. The explosive growth of many of these chains was coupled with the expansion of the American suburbs, especially in California, as soldiers returned from the war and began settling with their families in car-based communities, along highways between major cities. Do you eat fast food? But it hasnât stopped there: fast food is now available in almost every country on the planet. However, there are concrete steps that workers, activists, and elected officials can take to bring the industry to heel. He bought from the McDonald brothers the right to franchise McDonaldâs nationwide. From the view of the fast food executives and franchisees, teenagers are the ideal candidates for these jobs. The most famous example of the latter is the Happy Meal, within which McDonaldâs packages the hottest childrenâs toys as a âfreeâ promotion. Seeing the potential of the McDonaldâs system and how it could be replicated on a national (and eventually global) scale, Kroc seized the opportunity. Weâre going to explore how the economics of the fast food industry have reshaped American agriculture, examine where your fries really come from, and why they taste the way they do. Schlosser begins by noting the emergence of major American fast-food companies, like McDonald’s (with its Golden Arches), Burger King, and Wendy’s, after World War Two. 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