Hyginius is a notoriously difficult figure to pin down, we do not know when he lived, and the Fabulae exists in Greek, although it was almost certainly translated from Latin (which, sadly, we do not have a copy of). Agnodice of Athens Philaenis' work may have been considered scandalous at the time but not nearly as shocking as the life of Agnodice (4th century BCE), who was the first female doctor in ancient Athens and whose challenge to the male-dominated profession changed the laws regarding women practicing medicine. Unafraid of the law, Agnodice decided to disguise herself as a man, cutting off her hair and dressing in clothing usually worn by men. Agnodice is not generally believed to be a historical figure, but her story has been frequently deployed as a precedent for women practising midwifery or medicine, or as an argument against either of these. According, however, to Hyginus (Hyg. AGNODIKE OF ATHENS Agnodike is a legendary figure credited as the first female midwife or physician in ancient Athens She was a native of Athens, where it was forbidden by law for women or slaves to study medicine. She challenged the male-dominated profession and changed the laws regarding women practicing medicine. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The woman was distrustful of the male doctor, but Agnodice revealed herself (quite literally) to the patient and, now satisfied that Agnodice was a woman, a bond of trust was established. She is the namesake of a. ( Log Out / Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Watch Queue Queue Alyahya G, Almohanna H, Alyahya A, Aldosari M, Mathkour L, Aldhibaib A, Al-Namshan Y, Al-Mously N. Does physicians’ gender have any influence on patients’ choice of their treating physicians?. According to the Latin scholar Hyginus (first century C.E. Not only did she reshape the role of women in medicine, but she … 53-77. Cross-dressing, women in science, creativity Unfortunately, we simply do not know if Agnodice ever existed, and it’s highly likely that she was a mythical figure. May 12, 2012 - Agnodice or Agnodike (Gr. Agnodice was an Athenian woman (that is, not only an inhabitant of Athens, but also of a citizen family) of the 4th century bce. Agnodice (fl. Once upon a time in Athens, there lived a young woman named Agnodice. Agnodice: Down and Dirty? 2017. Agnodice (born ca. However, the tale of Agnodice has been used by women to support their role in medicine since the 17th century, and this is perhaps more important than whether Agnodice existed or not. Thirdly, as Prof. Helen King points out, the story has many parallels with ancient novels – it’s simply too far-fetched to reflect reality. King, H. 1986. Facing young Agnodice in Ancient Greece was the problem that women had been completely blocked from studying, let alone practicing, medicine, which included the somewhat mysterious witchery of midwifery. By cutting her hair and wearing men's clothing, she was able to become a student of the famous Alexandrian physician, Herophilus. As she grew up, Agnodice was appalled by the high mortality rate of infants and mothers during childbirth, a traumatizing factor of female life that inspired Agnodice to study medicine—or at least to desire it. This hand-drawn pastel animation introduces the story of Agnodice, a legendary figure credited as the first female midwife or physician in ancient Athens. After her studies were completed, she heard a woman crying out in the throes of labor and went to her assistance. Agnodice or Agnodike is a legendary figure credited as the first female midwife or physician in ancient Athens. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. At this point, their wives became involved. Some question the likelihood that she was an historical figure. These are the women of Ancient Greece that will forever be remembered for their intelligence, bravery and strength in an age that was dominated by men. Change ), Queen Arsinoë IV of Egypt (c. 69 – 41 BCE), Queen Berenice IV of Egypt (77 BCE – 55 BCE), Hypatia of Alexandria, c.350-370 – 415 CE, Locusta, Roman Assassin (Unknown – 69 CE), Georgie: Vindolanda’s Murder Mystery (c. mid 3rd CE), ‘Clytemnestra’: The Murdering Stepmother of Athens, c. 420 BCE, Amazon and Achillia: Female Gladiators in the Roman Empire.
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